Is Italy on the Pathway for Achieving Sustainable Development Goals?
- 313 Downloads
In this paper, we investigate the current well-being and the future sustainability of Italy. A general equilibrium model is used to estimate the future evolution according to different scenarios in which selected policies are identified in order to evaluate their potential contribution to the SDG achievement. We provide evidence that in a scenario business-as-usual, Italy will not improve significantly its level of well-being. However, with a set of policies specifically targeted in 2030, the Italian sustainability would increase remarkably especially if all policies were implemented simultaneously.
KeywordsItalian Sustainability Current Welfare APPS Index Environmental Pillars High-level Political Forum (HLPF)
- Burniaux, J.‐M., & Truong, T. P. (2002). GTAP‐E: An energy environmental version of the GTAP model. GTAP Technical Paper no. 16.Google Scholar
- Delpiazzo, E., Parrado, R., & Standardi, G. (2017). Extending the public sector in ICES with an explicit government institution. FEEM Nota di Lavoro 11.2017, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.Google Scholar
- EC - European Commission. (2008). Package of implementation measures for the EU’s objectives on climate change and renewable energy for 2020, Commission Staff working document, SEC (2008) 85 II.Google Scholar
- EC. (2015). The 2015 ageing report economic and budgetary projections for the 28 EU Member States (2013–2060). European Economy 3, 2015 European Commission.Google Scholar
- GTZ (2009). Energy‐policy framework conditions for electricity markets and renewable energies, Eschborn, Germany.Google Scholar
- Narayanan, B. G., & Walmsley, T. L. (2008). Global trade, assistance, and production: The GTAP 7 data base, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Purdue University.Google Scholar
- OECD/IEA (2005). Projected costs of generating electricity, IEA, Paris.Google Scholar
- O’Neill, B. C., Kriegler, E., Ebi, K. L., Kemp-Benedict, E., Riahi, K., Rothman, D. S., et al. (2017). The roads ahead: Narratives for shared socioeconomic pathways describing world futures in the 21st century. In Global environmental change, Vol. 42, pp. 169–180. ISSN: 0959-3780. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2015.01.004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ragwitz, M., et al. (2007). OPTRES: Assessment and optimisation of renewable support schemes in the European electricity market. http://www.optres.fhg.de/OPTRES_FINAL_REPORT.pdf.
- SDSN-Bertelsmann Stiftung. (2017). SDG Index and Dashboards Report 2017. Bertelsmann Stiftung and Sustainable Development Solutions Network.Google Scholar
- UN. (2017). Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. United Nations. A/RES/71/313.Google Scholar
- UN. (2015). Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. United Nations. A/RES/70/1. http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/migration/generalassembly/docs/globalcompact/A_RES_70_1_E.pdf.
- UNEP. (2015). The Emissions Gap Report 2015. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), NairobiGoogle Scholar