Advertisement

Hydrogen-Induced Damage

  • Pietro Pedeferri (Deceased)Email author
Chapter
Part of the Engineering Materials book series (ENG.MAT.)

Abstract

Hydrogen induced damage (HID) can occur at high temperature (HT-HID) and at low temperature, (LT-HID). Hydrogen attack, affects steels operating at temperatures typically above 400 °C in high pressure hydrogen atmosphere. The interaction of atomic hydrogen and metals at low temperature occurs in different way. Atomic hydrogen is produced during electroplating processes (as chrome plating, galvanizing and phosphating), chemical and electrochemical pickling treatments, in welding if the humidity of consumables is too high, or by the cathodic process in corrosive fluids: in this last case, so called cathodic poisons, as H2S, inhibit molecular hydrogen formation and promote atomic hydrogen diffusion into the metal. Once entered the metal, atomic hydrogen interacts with the metal structure and may produce a “damage” of various forms, such as delayed fracture, HIC (hydrogen induced cracking) and blistering, hydrogen embrittlement (HE). All of these forms of damage are discussed in this chapter.

Bibliography

  1. Barth CF, Steigerwald EA, Troiano AR (1969) Hydrogen permeability and delayed failure of polarized martenstic steels. Corrosion 25(9):353–358Google Scholar
  2. Beachem CD (1972) A new model for hydrogen-assisted cracking (hydrogen “embrittlement”). Metall Mater Trans B 3(2):441–455CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Devanathan MAV, Stachurski Z (1962) The adsorption and diffusion of electrolytic hydrogen in palladium. Proc R Soc A 270:90Google Scholar
  4. Flis J (ed) (1991), Corrosion of metals and hydrogen-related phenomena. Elsevier, Amsterdam, Nederland, PWN—Polish Scientific Publishers, Warszawa, PolandGoogle Scholar
  5. Hochmann J, Staehle Rw, McCrigth RD, Slater JE (eds) (1977) Stress corrosion cracking and hydrogen embrittlement of iron base alloys. NACE International, HoustonGoogle Scholar
  6. Hudson PE, Snavely Jr ES, Paune JS, Fiel LD, Hackerman N (1968) Corrosion. NACE, 24, 7Google Scholar
  7. Lynch SP (2007) Progress towards understanding mechanisms of hydrogen embrittlement and stress corrosion cracking. In: NACE corrosion conference, Paper n. 07493, NACE International, Houston, TX, pp 1–55Google Scholar
  8. Oriani RA (1970) The diffusion and trapping of hydrogen in steel. Acta Metall 18:147–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Oriani RA, Hirth JP, Smialowski M (1985) Hydrogen degradation of ferrous alloys. Noyes Publications, Park RidgeGoogle Scholar
  10. Pundt A, Kirchheim R (2006) Hydrogen in metals: microstructural aspects. Ann Rev Mater Res 36:555–608CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Thygeson JR, Molstad MC (1964) High pressure hydrogen attack of steel. J Chem Eng Data 9:2Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Politecnico di MilanoMilanItaly

Personalised recommendations