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Valvular Heart Disease

  • Garrick C. Stewart
  • Yee-Ping Sun
  • Patrick T. O’GaraEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Contemporary Cardiology book series (CONCARD)

Abstract

Primary valvular heart disease (VHD) remains a source of significant morbidity and mortality. The prevalence of heart valve disease in the US population is 2.5%, and over 100,000 persons undergo a heart valve procedure each year (Benjamin, 135:e146–e603, 2017). Valvular heart disease is often first identified when a murmur is appreciated during a primary care visit and subsequently characterized by echocardiography (O’Gara and Loscalzo, Approach to the patient with a heart murmur. In: Longo DL, Fauci AS, Kasper DL, Hauser SL, Jameson JL, Loscalzo J (eds). Chapter e13 Harrison’s principles of internal medicine. 18th edn. McGraw-Hill, New York, 2015; Bonow et al., Circulation, 114:e84–e231, 2006). Optimal management of VHD requires close collaboration among primary care physicians, cardiologists, and cardiac surgeons. With timely recognition and appropriate referral to cardiac specialists, the majority of patients with VHD can lead a normal life span.

Keywords

Aortic stenosis Ventricle Heart Heart size Radiograph 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Garrick C. Stewart
    • 1
  • Yee-Ping Sun
    • 1
  • Patrick T. O’Gara
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Division of Cardiovascular MedicineBrigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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