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Creating and Breaking Habit in Healthcare Professional Behaviours to Improve Healthcare and Health

  • Sebastian Potthoff
  • Nicola McCleary
  • Falko F. Sniehotta
  • Justin PresseauEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Healthcare professionals (HCPs) prescribe, provide advice, conduct examinations, perform surgical procedures, and engage in a range of clinical behaviours. Their clinical actions are characteristically performed repeatedly—sometimes multiple times per day—in the same physical locations with the same colleagues and patients, under constant time pressure, and competing demands. This repetition under pressure in a stable setting provides ideal circumstances for creating contingencies between physical and social cues and clinical actions. HCP behaviour provides an ideal setting in which to advance theory, methods, and interventions to better understand habit formation and habit reversal. Contemporary theoretical and methodological development in the psychology of habit has begun to be applied to understand and promote the formation, breaking, and replacement of habitual behaviour in HCPs. This chapter highlights key theoretical approaches, methods, and intervention techniques that have been applied to conceptualize, measure, develop, and break habit and automaticity in HCPs. These insights have the potential to synergistically contribute novel perspectives to the wider habit literature.

Keywords

Healthcare professionals Clinical behaviour Dual process models Habit Automaticity Breaking habit Theory 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sebastian Potthoff
    • 1
  • Nicola McCleary
    • 2
    • 3
  • Falko F. Sniehotta
    • 4
    • 5
  • Justin Presseau
    • 2
    • 3
    • 6
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Nursing, Midwifery and HealthNorthumbria UniversityNewcastle upon TyneUK
  2. 2.Centre for Implementation Research, Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research InstituteOttawaCanada
  3. 3.School of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of OttawaOttawaCanada
  4. 4.Institute of Health and SocietyNewcastle UniversityNewcastle upon TyneUK
  5. 5.Fuse, The UK Clinical Research Collaboration Centre of Excellence for Translational Research in Public HealthNewcastle upon TyneUK
  6. 6.School of Psychology, University of OttawaOttawaCanada

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