Skip to main content

Freeze-Thaw Processes of Soils in Active Layers in Northeast China

  • Conference paper
  • First Online:
Proceedings of China-Europe Conference on Geotechnical Engineering

Part of the book series: Springer Series in Geomechanics and Geoengineering ((SSGG))

  • 3772 Accesses

Abstract

The processes of thawing and freezing and their associated complex hydrothermal coupling can significantly affect variations in mean annual temperatures and the formation of ground ice in permafrost regions. In this article, using soil temperature and moisture data in the permafrost region of the Nanweng’he River in the Da xing’anling Mountains, the freeze-thaw characteristics of the permafrost were studied. Variations in the soil temperature and the moisture were analyzed during each stage of the freeze-thaw process, and the effects of the soil moisture and ground vegetation on the freezing-thaw were discussed in this paper. The study results show that the thawing in the active layer is unidirectional, while the ground freezing is bidirectional (upward from the bottom of the active layer and downward from the ground surface). During the annual freeze-thaw cycle, the migration of soil moisture had different characteristics at different stages. In general, during of a freezing-thawing cycle, the soil water molecules will migrate downwards, i.e., soil moisture will transport from the entire active layer to the upper limit of permafrost. In the meantime, freeze-thaw in the active layer can be significantly affected by the soil moisture content and vegetation.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
$34.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or eBook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Chapter
USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
eBook
USD 259.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 329.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info
Hardcover Book
USD 329.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  1. Qin, D.H., Yao, T.D., Ding, Y.J.: Glossary of Cryosphere Science. China Meteorological Press, Beijing (2014)

    Google Scholar 

  2. Li, S.X., Nan, Z.T., Zhao, L.: Impact of soil freezing and thawing process on thermal exchange between atmosphere and ground surface. J. Glaciol. Geocryol. 24, 506–511 (2002)

    Google Scholar 

  3. Liang, S.H., Wang, L., Li, Z.M.: The effect of permafrost on alpine vegetation in the source regions of the yellow river. J. Glaciol. Geocryol. 29, 45–52 (2007)

    Google Scholar 

  4. Luo, D.L., Jin, H.J., Lü, L.Z.: Spatiotemporal characteristics of freezing and thawing of the active layer in the source areas of the Yellow River (SAYR). Chin. Sci. Bull. 59, 3034–3045 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11434-014-0189-6

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Luo, D.L., Jin, H.J., He, R.X.: Responses of surface vegetation on soil temperature and moisture of the active layer in the source area of the yellow river. Earth Sci. J. Chin. Univ. Geosci. 39, 421–430 (2014)

    Google Scholar 

  6. Zhao, L., Cheng, G.D., Li, S.X.: Thawing and freezing processes of active layer in Wudaoliang region of Tibetan Plateau. Chin. Sci. Bull. 45, 1205–1211 (2000)

    Google Scholar 

  7. Liu, G.S., Wang, G.X.: Influence of short-term experimental warming on heat-water processes of the active layer in a swamp meadow ecosystem of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Sci. Cold Arid Reg. 8(2), 125–134 (2016)

    Google Scholar 

  8. Wu, Q.B., Shen, Y.P., Shi, B.: Relationship between frozen soil together with its water heat process and ecological environment in the Tibetan Plateau. J. Glaciol. Geocryol. 25, 250–255 (2003)

    Google Scholar 

  9. Pang, Q.Q., Li, S.X., Wu, T.H.: Simulated distribution of active layer depths in the frozen ground regions of Tibetan Plateau. J Glaci. Geocry. 28, 390–395 (2006)

    Google Scholar 

  10. Wu, Q.B., Hou, Y.D., Yun, H.B.: Changes in active-layer thickness and near-surface permafrost between 2002 and 2012 in alpine ecosystems, Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) Plateau. China. Glob. Planet. Change 124, 149–155 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2014.09.002

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

This study supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41401081) and the State Key Laboratory of Frozen Soils Engineering (Grant Nos. SKLFSE-ZT-41, SKLFSE-ZT-20 and SKLFSE-ZT-12).

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Ruixia He .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2018 Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this paper

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this paper

He, R., Jin, H., Chang, X. (2018). Freeze-Thaw Processes of Soils in Active Layers in Northeast China. In: Wu, W., Yu, HS. (eds) Proceedings of China-Europe Conference on Geotechnical Engineering. Springer Series in Geomechanics and Geoengineering. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-97115-5_100

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-97115-5_100

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-97114-8

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-97115-5

  • eBook Packages: EngineeringEngineering (R0)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics