On Collapse of 2D Granular Columns: A Grain-Scale Investigation

  • Xuzhen HeEmail author
  • Wei Wu
  • Dichuan Zhang
  • Jong Kim
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Series in Geomechanics and Geoengineering book series (SSGG)


This study uses the Discrete Element Method (DEM) to investigate the grain-scale mechanisms that give rise to the diverse flow phenomena of granular material, particularly the collapse of granular columns. The small-scale 2D experiments conducted with aluminium rods are used as benchmarks. It is found that the stiffness or the viscous dissipation at the contacts are not important factors to influence the kinetic, but the apparent friction angle is the dominant one, which is contributed by several sources.


Granular columns DEM 



The first author acknowledges the financial support from the Otto Pregl Foundation for Geotechnical Fundamental Research, Vienna, Austria and Jiangsu Province natural sciences fund subsidisation project (BK20170677). The research is also partly funded by the project “GEORAMP” within the RISE programme of Horizon 2020 under grant number 645665.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für GeotechnikUniversität für BodenkulturWienAustria
  2. 2.Nazarbayev UniversityAstanaKazakhstan

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