Career Research Literature

  • Ann M. BrewerEmail author


In the past, careers followed the structure of the organisations in which people were employed. The linear progress of moving from one to the next step positions within an organisation, profession or industry is declining and in many areas, disappeared altogether. Until recent decades, work organisations were highly stratified by lines of authority and position and relatively inflexible, with employees being promoted either by tenure or merit. Organisations today due to globalisation are highly responsive to market forces, and these changes are reflected in the internal labour market and hence career journeys which have become personalised and distinct from the employing organisation.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of NewcastleSydneyAustralia

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