Thermoelectric Parameters and Their Optimization

  • N. M. Ravindra
  • Bhakti Jariwala
  • Asahel Bañobre
  • Aniket Maske
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Materials book series (BRIEFSMATERIALS)


Thermoelectric phenomenon fundamentally involves the ability to convert thermal energy from a temperature gradient into electrical energy and vice versa by utilizing the benefits of Seebeck effect and Peltier effect. These effects have been introduced in the previous chapter. The performance of thermoelectric materials can be maximized by tailoring the thermoelectric parameters, by requiring high electrical conductivities, large value of Seebeck coefficient, and low thermal conductivities. These thermoelectric parameters are interrelated with each other. Therefore, the key element is to have a thorough knowledge of their dependency as well as their interrelationships for optimizing the Figure of Merit – ZT. This in turn improves the thermoelectric performance resulting, thereby, in increased efficiency of a thermoelectric generator. We consider each of the thermoelectric parameters in this chapter.


Thermoelectric Parameters Seebeck coefficientSeebeck Coefficient Electrical conductivityElectrical Conductivity Effective massEffective Mass Charge carriersCharge Carriers 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. M. Ravindra
    • 1
  • Bhakti Jariwala
    • 2
  • Asahel Bañobre
    • 3
  • Aniket Maske
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsNew Jersey Institute of TechnologyNewarkUSA
  2. 2.New Jersey Institute of TechnologyNewarkUSA
  3. 3.Interdisciplinary Program in Materials Science & Engineering New Jersey Institute of TechnologyNewarkUSA

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