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Outsider Presidents: Comparing Trump and Eisenhower

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The Trump Presidency

Part of the book series: The Evolving American Presidency ((EAP))

Abstract

This essay will contrast two “Outsider” presidents: Donald Trump, who used his rejection of DC-insiderism to win the White House, and Dwight Eisenhower, who, equally, had never held political office before his candidacy, but whose innate insiderism, gained through a career circling Washington, enabled a far easier transition to power.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    M. Kranish and M. Fisher, Trump Revealed (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2016), p. 44.

  2. 2.

    Ibid., p. 48.

  3. 3.

    R. Mendick and P. Dominiczak, Daily Telegraph, 28 January 2016, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/01/28/revealed-real-reason-donald-trump-theresa-may-held-hands-not/ [last accessed 2 January 2018].

  4. 4.

    NBC Television, 15 series aired from 2004 to 2017 with Donald Trump hosting the first 14.

  5. 5.

    J. D. Barber, Presidential Character (Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1972), pp. 6–9.

  6. 6.

    DDE to Winston Churchill, 19 May 1945, Box 22, Pre-Presidential Papers 1916–1952, Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library, Abilene, KS, USA.

  7. 7.

    Ibid.

  8. 8.

    H. C. Butcher, Diary Entry, 2 June 1945, Box 6, Harry C. Butcher Papers, 1910–1959, DDE Library.

  9. 9.

    C. Caudle Travers, ‘Cementing Alliances in Epideictic Oration: Eisenhower’s Guildhall Address of 1945,’ Paper Presented at the Annual Meeting of the NCA 96th Annual Convention, Hilton San Francisco, San Francisco, 13 November 2010, supplied to M. Shanahan by the author, 11 June 2015.

  10. 10.

    Editorial, unattributed (though probably E. H. Carr), The Times, London, 13 June 1945, p. 4.

  11. 11.

    M. Stephen Weatherford, ‘The Eisenhower Transition,’ in The Eisenhower Presidency: Lessons for the 21st Century, ed. A. J. Polsky (Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2015), p. 65.

  12. 12.

    News announcement regarding the New York campaign rally, February 12, 1952, Jacqueline Cochran Papers, Eisenhower Campaign Series, Box 1, Eisenhower-General File 1952, DDE Library.

  13. 13.

    P. Bump, Washington Post, 20 January 2017, https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2017/01/20/even-the-firm-that-hired-actors-to-cheer-trumps-campaign-launch-had-to-wait-to-be-paid/?utm_term=.c66744d0bc65 [last accessed 17 February 2018].

  14. 14.

    Transcript sourced from E. Appleman, Democracy in Action, http://www.p2012.org/photos11/cpac11/trump021011spt.html [last accessed 17 February 2018].

  15. 15.

    I. Berlin, music and lyrics, from Call Me Madam, which premiered on Bradway in 1950.

  16. 16.

    By 1952, more than 15 million US households had TVs, with over 6 million more added to the total in 1953 alone. By 1961 when Eisenhower left office, the number of US households owning a TV had passed 45 million. RETMA TV Handbooks Volumes 18 and 27, published 1954 and 1962, respectively.

  17. 17.

    Sourced online from DDE Library, https://www.eisenhower.archives.gov/education/bsa/citizenship_merit_badge/speeches_national_historical_importance/i_shall_go_to_korea.pdf [last accessed 18 February 2018].

  18. 18.

    P. McKeever, Adlai Stevenson, His Life and Legacy (New York, 1989), p. 242.

  19. 19.

    Associated Press, syndicated 19 January, 1953. When Charles E. Wilson was sworn in as Defense Secretary, the Cabinet became Nine Millionaires, while the Plumber, Martin Durkin, remained.

  20. 20.

    DDE Inaugural Address, 20 January 1953, The American Presidency Project, www.presidencyucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=9600 [last accessed 4 April 2018].

  21. 21.

    Ibid.

  22. 22.

    Ibid.

  23. 23.

    Ibid.

  24. 24.

    Ibid.

  25. 25.

    E. T. Folliard, Washington Post, 21 January 1953, Section A01.

  26. 26.

    DDE Records as President 1953–1961, Personal Files, Boxes 584–586, Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library.

  27. 27.

    Trump Inaugural address, 20 January 2017 https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/the-inaugural-address/ [last accessed 4 April 2018].

  28. 28.

    Ibid.

  29. 29.

    Ibid.

  30. 30.

    Y. Ali, New York Magazine, 27 March 2017, http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2017/03/what-george-w-bush-really-thought-of-trumps-inauguration.html [last accessed 18 February 2018].

  31. 31.

    P. Johnson, Eisenhower:A Life (New York: Penguin Books, 2014), p. 96.

  32. 32.

    B. McNamara, 1 Year of Trump’s Tweets Analyzed, Teen Vogue, 22 January 2018, https://www.teenvogue.com/story/trump-tweet-analysis [last accessed 24 January 2018].

  33. 33.

    http://www.trumptwitterarchive.com/ [last accessed 24 January 2018].

  34. 34.

    M. Shanahan, Eisenhower at the Dawn of the Space Age (Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2017), p. 8.

  35. 35.

    Ibid.

  36. 36.

    M. Wolff, Fire and fury (New York, 2018), p. 108.

  37. 37.

    D. Trump, America a Dumping Ground for the Rest of the World, Campaign Speech, Dallas, 14 September 2015, as reported by CBS News, http://dfw.cbslocal.com/2015/09/14/trump-america-a-dumping-ground-for-the-rest-of-the-world/ [last accessed 7 April 2018].

  38. 38.

    E. Lipton and D. ‘Ivory, Trump Says His Regulatory Rollback Already Is the ‘Most Far-Reaching’ Politics,’ New York Times, 14 December 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/14/us/politics/trump-federal-regulations.html [last accessed 7 April 2018].

  39. 39.

    D. Trump, White House Address to Media, 2 November 2017, www.reuters.com/video/2017/11/02/trump-calls-gop-tax-bill-big-beautiful-c?videoId=372891597 [last accessed 9 April 2018].

  40. 40.

    D. Trump Presidential Approval Rating, Gallup, December 2017–March 2018, http://news.gallup.com/poll/203198/presidential-approval-ratings-donald-trump.aspx [last accessed 9 April 2018].

  41. 41.

    Z. Shen, Mao, Stalin and theKorean War: Trilateral Communist Relations in the 1950s, trans. N. Silver (London: Routledge, 2012), pp. 196–202.

  42. 42.

    Quoted in Smith, Eisenhower in War and Peace, p. 572.

  43. 43.

    ‘The Chance for Peace’ Address Delivered Before the American Society of Newspaper Editors, 16 April 1953, DDE Library, www.eisenhower.archives.gov/all_about_ike/speeches/chance_for_peace.pdf [last accessed 9 April 2018].

  44. 44.

    D. Trump Tweet, 2 January 2017.

  45. 45.

    D. Trump, Face the Nation, CBS Television, 1 May 2017.

  46. 46.

    Wolff, Fire and Fury, pp. 291–93.

  47. 47.

    D. Trump Tweet, 3 January 2018.

  48. 48.

    From Rodong Sinmun (DPK Official News), reported in SouthChinaMorning Post, 16 January 2018, p. 1.

  49. 49.

    J. D. Barber, The Presidential Character (Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1972), p. 160.

  50. 50.

    D. Trump, Presidential Rally, Huntsville, Alabama, 22 September 2017.

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Shanahan, M. (2019). Outsider Presidents: Comparing Trump and Eisenhower. In: Oliva, M., Shanahan, M. (eds) The Trump Presidency. The Evolving American Presidency. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-96325-9_2

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