Outsider Presidents: Comparing Trump and Eisenhower

  • Mark ShanahanEmail author
Part of the The Evolving American Presidency book series (EAP)


This essay will contrast two “Outsider” presidents: Donald Trump, who used his rejection of DC-insiderism to win the White House, and Dwight Eisenhower, who, equally, had never held political office before his candidacy, but whose innate insiderism, gained through a career circling Washington, enabled a far easier transition to power.


  1. Barber, J. D. Presidential Character. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1972.Google Scholar
  2. Johnson, P. Eisenhower: A Life. New York: Penguin Books, 2014.Google Scholar
  3. Kranish, M., and Fisher, M. Trump Revealed. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2016.Google Scholar
  4. McKeever, P. Adlai Stevenson, His Life and Legacy. New York: William Morrow and co, 1989.Google Scholar
  5. Shanahan, M. Eisenhower at the Dawn of the Space Age. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2017.Google Scholar
  6. Shen, Z. Mao, Stalin and the Korean War: Trilateral Communist Relations in the 1950s, trans. N. Silver. London: Routledge, 2012.Google Scholar
  7. Stephen Weatherford, M. The Eisenhower Transition, in the Eisenhower Presidency: Lessons for the 21st Century, ed. A. J. Polsky. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2015.Google Scholar
  8. Wolff, M. Fire and Fury. New York: Little, Brown, 2018. Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Politics and International RelationsUniversity of ReadingReadingUK

Personalised recommendations