In the previous chapters we have focused on metaphysical and epistemological concepts of causation, in medicine and population health. In this chapter, we discuss risk estimation, the focus of public health informatics methods. First, we introduce the concepts of risk and prediction. We contrast individual and population risk and discuss why using quantitative risk estimates in individuals is problematic. We describe methods for risk estimation in population health science and conclude with the proposal that risk estimation is giving a causal explanation in population health science.
KeywordsRisk Prediction Estimation Causation Explanation
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