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Complications of General Anesthesia

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Catastrophic Perioperative Complications and Management

Abstract

Generally regarded as the safest form of medical practice, complications associated with general anesthesia do occur and vary widely from benign to catastrophic. Predicting the individuals susceptible to complications of general anesthesia is difficult, and numerous studies from the infancy of anesthetic practice till now have aimed to clarify these prognostic parameters while trying to separate the anesthetic risks from those associated with the surgery itself. While the incidence of these complications is generally on the decline, anesthesia providers should understand the dangers and possible predictive factors associated with their patient populations to further mitigate these potential poor outcomes. The following describes the incidence, causative/predictive aspects, and possible solutions to the most worrisome of risks for both those practicing anesthesiology and their patients. This includes death associated with anesthetic management along with respiratory and cardiovascular complications, stroke, and awareness under anesthesia. An understanding of these most severe of anesthetic-associated morbidity and mortality concerns will hopefully allow the practitioner to develop a more robust and comprehensive approach and response in their management plan to avoid or minimize these potentially devastating outcomes.

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Correspondence to Liane Germond .

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Cardinale, J.P., Gillespie, N., Germond, L. (2019). Complications of General Anesthesia. In: Fox, III, C., Cornett, E., Ghali, G. (eds) Catastrophic Perioperative Complications and Management. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-96125-5_7

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-96125-5_7

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