Impacts of Typing on Different Keyboard Slopes on the Deformation Ratio of the Median Nerve

  • Ping Yeap LohEmail author
  • Wen Liang Yeoh
  • Satoshi Muraki
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 820)


Carpal tunnel syndrome is a symptomatic compression neuropathy of the median nerve as it travels through the wrist. Several factors such as wrist angle and finger posture cause a change of the intra-carpal tunnel pressure. Carpal tunnel syndrome is one of the most commonly reported work-related musculoskeletal disorders. Computer users are at higher risk of upper extremity musculoskeletal symptoms and work-related musculoskeletal disorders, since time spent on the computer is associated with a higher incidence of musculoskeletal disorders. Objective: to investigate the impact of typing at two keyboard slopes (0° and +20°) on the median nerve deformation ratio. Fifteen healthy young men (24.8 ± 2.3 years) were recruited to type using both 0° and +20° inclined keyboards. The participants performed four 30-min blocks of computer typing at 0° and +20° keyboard inclinations. The left wrist median nerve was examined with an ultrasound machine after each 30-min typing block. Two-way repeated analysis of variance was performed to examine any differences in the deformation ratio of the median nerve cross-sectional area. The four time blocks and two keyboard slope conditions (0° and +20° inclination) were used as factors. Continuous typing activity causes a significant increase in the median nerve cross-sectional area deformation ratio (p < 0.05). Ultrasonography examination of the median nerve following computer typing can be used to generate absolute measurements and deformation ratios. These measurements help provide a better understanding of the impact of typing tasks on the median nerve.


Carpal tunnel Carpal tunnel syndrome Computer ergonomics 



This work is supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Numbers JP16J01964 and JP18K17969.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Human Science, Faculty of DesignKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Human Science, Graduate School of DesignKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan

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