Skip to main content

Part of the book series: Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing ((AISC,volume 824))

Included in the following conference series:


Through our daily lifes, space is nothing more than a cartesian plane, where we operate our lives. The objects we use, or even our body as object, operates through this plateau. Nevertheless, this referential is more than just a relational medium for objects. Through Bruce Nauman’s The Cast of the Space Under My Chair, we want to rethink space not as emptiness of forms, but as the form itself. As a methodology, we propose the juxtaposition between two works, Skyspace Seldon Seen by James Turrell and Houghton Hut by Rachel Whiteread, both as references in space. In James Turrell we find the classical approach of spatial representation, the habitable technical object, the architectural archetype, the space-delimiting membrane. In Whiteread we find exactly the opposite, space treated as a technical object itself, a clear result of crystallized space and visible only through intervention, a memory, a monument. This now uninhabitable archetype encapsulates the form that was imperceptible as an object of its inner space. In the process of analysing the two works, the fundamental research basis is to address the questions of how form generates space or, on the other hand, how space can generate a form. In other words, to conduct a dialogue between the disciplines of Architecture and Design, clarifying the ergonomic relationship between the two ways of generating space.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
USD 259.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 329.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions


  1. Pallasmaa J (2012) The eyes of the skin: architecture and the senses, 3rd edn. Wiley, Chichester

    Google Scholar 

  2. Pessoa F (1994) Páginas de estética e de teoria e crítica literárias, 2nd edn. Ática, Lisboa

    Google Scholar 

  3. Agamben G (2009) O que é o contemporâneo? e outros ensaios. ARGOS, Chapeco

    Google Scholar 

  4. Pallasmaa J (2017) Habitar, 1a. Gustavo Gili, Sao Paulo

    Google Scholar 

  5. Bachelard G (2014) The poetics of space, New edn. Penguin Books, New York

    Google Scholar 

  6. Rasmussen SE (2005) Experiencing Architecture. MIT Press, Cambridge 33rd printing

    Google Scholar 

  7. Pallasmaa J (2018) Essências, 1a. Gustavo Gili, Sao Paulo

    Google Scholar 

  8. Chatman S, Duncan P (2004) Michelangelo Antonioni: a investigação. Taschen, Köln

    Google Scholar 

Download references


The Author gratefully acknowledges the support to this paper presentation by CIAUD, only possible by National Funds by FCT – Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia, Portugal.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Luis Miguel Ginja .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2019 Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this paper

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this paper

Ginja, L.M. (2019). Form of the Space in Between Objects. In: Bagnara, S., Tartaglia, R., Albolino, S., Alexander, T., Fujita, Y. (eds) Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018). IEA 2018. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol 824. Springer, Cham.

Download citation

Publish with us

Policies and ethics