Victims or Aggresors? Framing Romanian Migrants and Crime in Two British Newspapers
The research question at which the present article attempts to answer is: What are the British journalistic procedures used in representing migration and crime in the specific case of Romanian migrants? The article uses quantitative content analysis as the main method of research. The sample of texts was made up of 117 articles published in two (tabloid) British newspapers (the Daily Mail and the Daily Mirror) in the time-period January 1–December 21, 2015. The violent acts of Romanian migrants that were covered by the UK press were extremely diverse. They ranged from robbery, murder and begging to prostitution and medical malpractice. At the same time, Romanian migrants were portrayed not only as “offenders” but also as “victims” of the violent acts covered by the two newspapers.
KeywordsMigration Violence Media coverage Framing United Kingdom
- Barak, G. (Ed.). (1994). Media, process, and the social construction of crime: Studies in newsmaking criminology. London: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
- Baran, S. J., & Davis, D. K. (2011). Mass communication theory: Foundations, ferment, and future. Belmont/Wadsworth/Andover: Cengage Learning.Google Scholar
- Berelson, B. (1952). Content analysis in communication research. New York: Hafner.Google Scholar
- Bird, S. E., & Dardenne, R. W. (1997). Myth, chronicle and story. In D. A. Berkowitz (Ed.), Social meanings of news: A text-reader (pp. 333–350). London: Sage.Google Scholar
- Blackwood, N. (2014). International investigations: Current challenges to British policing. The Journal of Homicide and Major Incident Investigation, 9(1), 39–54.Google Scholar
- Chibnall, S. (1981). The production of knowledge by crime reporters. In S. Cohen & J. Young (Eds.), The Manufacture of news: Social problems, deviance and the mass media (pp. 75–97). Beverly Hills: Sage.Google Scholar
- Cohen, S. (2002). Folk devils and moral panics: The creation of the mods and rockers. Hove: Psychology Press.Google Scholar
- Dawar, A. (2013, February 27). How Romanian criminals terrorise our streets. Express, http://www.express.co.uk/news/uk/380512/How-Romanian-criminals-terrorise-our-streets. Accessed 3 Mar 2016.
- Doob, Anthony N. 1985. “The many realities of crime.” In Perspective in criminal law edited by A. N. Doob and E. L. Greenspan, 103–122. Aurora: Canada Law Book.Google Scholar
- Doyle, J. (2013, February 27). 28,000 Romanians are held for crimes in UK over 5 years… and there are only 68,000 of them living here! Daily Mail, http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2285177/28-000-Romanians-held-crimes-UK-5-years%2D%2D68-000-living-here.html. Accessed 13 Mar 2016.
- Edelman, M. (1988). Constructing the political spectacle. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Ericson, R. V., Baranek, P. M., & Chan, J. B. L. (1991). Representing order: Crime, law, and justice in the news media. Milton Keynes: Open University Press.Google Scholar
- Glassner, B. (2010). The culture of fear: Why Americans are afraid of the wrong things: Crime, drugs, minorities, teen moms, killer kids. Muta: Basic Books.Google Scholar
- Grabe, M. E. (1999). Television news magazine crime stories: A functionalist perspective. Critical Studies in Media Communication, 16(2), 155–171.Google Scholar
- Graber, D. A. (1980). Crime news and the public. New York: Praeger.Google Scholar
- Krippendorff, K. (2012). Content analysis: An introduction to its methodology. Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
- Mander, M. S. (1987). Narrative dimensions of the news: Omniscience, prophecy, and morality. Communication, 10(1), 51–70.Google Scholar
- Payne, T. E. (1997). Describing morphosyntax: A guide for field linguists. Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Propp, V. (1984). Theory and history of folklore. Manchester: Manchester University Press.Google Scholar
- Skogan, W. G., & Maxfield, M. G. (1981). Coping with crime. Beverly Hills: Sage.Google Scholar
- Surette, R. (1998). Media, crime and criminal justice-images and realities. West Wadsworth: An international Thomson Publishing Company.Google Scholar
- Tankard, J., Hendrickson, L., Silberman, J., Bliss, K., & Ghanem, S. (1991). Media frames: Approaches to conceptualization and measurement. Paper presented to the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication. Communication Theory and Methodology Division, Boston.Google Scholar
- The Migration Observatory. (2016). Top 6 recent countries of origin for EU migrants, 2011–2015. http://www.migrationobservatory.ox.ac.uk/data-and-resources/tables/top-6-recent-countries-origin-eu-migrants-2011-2015. Accessed 10 May 2017.
- Turvill, W. (2015, February 6). ABCs: National daily newspaper circulation January 2015. Press Gazette, http://www.pressgazette.co.uk/national-press-abcs-times-bucks-trend-again-32-cent-print-circulation-boost. Accessed 3 Mar 2016.
- Zelizer, B., Bird, S. E., Brookes, R., Calabrese, A., Golding, P., Gripsrud, J., & Gulyás, Á. (2000). Tabloid tales: Global debates over media standards. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers.Google Scholar