Numerical Modeling of Embankment Settlement Over Soft Soils

Conference paper
Part of the Sustainable Civil Infrastructures book series (SUCI)


This paper presents a numerical modeling of embankment settlement over soft soils. The embankment is in the Gulf Coast of the United States. It was originally constructed over soft soils in the 1960s and has been raised and reshaped numerous times. As the construction history and corresponding loading history of the embankment were not clear, vibrating wire piezometers were installed in the underlying soft soils after the most recent re-construction to better quantify excess pore water pressures and future consolidation settlement. Based on measured pore water pressures, a large strain numerical study was performed to estimate future consolidation settlement of the embankment. A two-dimensional uncoupled analysis was performed on a 2-dimensional (2D) cross section of the embankment. A fully coupled fast flow fluid-mechanical interaction analysis and an uncoupled fluid-mechanical interaction analysis were performed on a soil column model to verify that the uncoupled model produces comparable results to the fully coupled model. The modeling yielded results consistent with the Terzaghi’s one-dimensional (1D) consolidation theory, and offered insights into the deformation pattern of the embankment. The 2D cross section model may be used in subsequent soil-structure interaction analyses.


Soil Column Model Uncoupled Analysis Excess PWPs Vibrating Wire Piezometers Pore Water Pressure Measurements 
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Funding for this study is provided by the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this paper are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the USACE. Dr. Faiz Makdisi, Dr. Fenggang Ma, and Dr. C.Y. Chang contributed to this study. Reviewers and Agency Technical Reviewers of USACE provided review comments.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IrvineUSA

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