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Social Considerations in Selection of Sustainable Pavement Designs

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Part of the Sustainable Civil Infrastructures book series (SUCI)

Abstract

To assess the sustainability of pavement, one needs to estimate the economy, environment, and social consequences during its service life. Although Life Cycle Assessment and Life Cycle Cost Analysis tools are available for evaluating the environmental and economic impact of pavement sustainability, little or no attention has been focused on evaluating the social component of pavement sustainability. It can be attributed to lack of an established framework and unavailability of data needed for analysis. In this study, a framework for performing Social Life Cycle Assessment (SLCA) is proposed. To evaluate a social component of sustainability, the traffic noise, traffic delay costs, and vehicle operating costs are considered as social indicators. These indicators help in estimating the impact of pavement on surrounding neighborhood and road users. In the end, a case study was performed to estimate the influence of social impacts on sustainability. Based on the results, it can be concluded that inclusion of social indicators is crucial and should be included in the sustainability assessment.

Keywords

  • Sustainability
  • Social life cycle assessment
  • Social impact indicators

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Correspondence to Megha Sharma .

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Inti, S., Sharma, M., Tandon, V. (2019). Social Considerations in Selection of Sustainable Pavement Designs. In: Steyn, W., Holleran, I., Nam, B. (eds) Pavement Materials and Associated Geotechnical Aspects of Civil Infrastructures. GeoChina 2018. Sustainable Civil Infrastructures. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-95759-3_7

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