Social Considerations in Selection of Sustainable Pavement Designs

  • Sundeep Inti
  • Megha SharmaEmail author
  • Vivek Tandon
Conference paper
Part of the Sustainable Civil Infrastructures book series (SUCI)


To assess the sustainability of pavement, one needs to estimate the economy, environment, and social consequences during its service life. Although Life Cycle Assessment and Life Cycle Cost Analysis tools are available for evaluating the environmental and economic impact of pavement sustainability, little or no attention has been focused on evaluating the social component of pavement sustainability. It can be attributed to lack of an established framework and unavailability of data needed for analysis. In this study, a framework for performing Social Life Cycle Assessment (SLCA) is proposed. To evaluate a social component of sustainability, the traffic noise, traffic delay costs, and vehicle operating costs are considered as social indicators. These indicators help in estimating the impact of pavement on surrounding neighborhood and road users. In the end, a case study was performed to estimate the influence of social impacts on sustainability. Based on the results, it can be concluded that inclusion of social indicators is crucial and should be included in the sustainability assessment.


Sustainability Social life cycle assessment Social impact indicators 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mixonsite USA IncBuffalo GroveUSA
  2. 2.The University of Texas at El PasoTexasUSA

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