Cardiology in the Newborn Nursery

  • Bruce D. Sindel
  • Joseph Ahdoot


Early detection is vital to improving morbidity and mortality in newborns with congenital heart disease. A complete understanding of cardiac development and embryology provides the basic principles to help clinicians manage patients at the time of presentation. Newborn screening has been instrumental in recognizing newborns with cyanotic congenital heart disease. Clinical algorithms provide very practical tools that help differentiate cyanotic congenital heart disease from other causes of cyanosis and further define each disease process for timely treatment to ensure better outcomes.


Congenital heart disease Cyanotic Non-cyanotic Embryology Heart murmur Oxygen saturation Aortic stenosis Ventricular septal defect Pulmonic stenosis Atrial septal defect Transposition of the great vessels Total anomalous pulmonary venous return Tricuspid atresia Tetralogy of Fallot Truncus arteriosus 



The authors would like to acknowledge and express their deepest gratitude to Phyllis Z Sindel BFA for the wonderful medical illustrations included in this chapter. We could not have completed this work without her participation.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruce D. Sindel
    • 1
    • 2
  • Joseph Ahdoot
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Neonatal Intensive Care UnitPediatrix Medical Group, a MEDNAX Company, Citrus Valley Medical Center—Queen of the Valley CampusWest CovinaUSA
  2. 2.Western University of Health SciencesPomonaUSA
  3. 3.Pacific Pediatric Cardiology Medical GroupKeck School of Medicine, Children’s Hospital of Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  4. 4.David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Mattel Children’s HospitalLos AngelesUSA

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