Advertisement

Geometric Constructive Traces in Drawings by Francesco Borromini

  • Marco Canciani
  • Giovanna SpadaforaEmail author
  • María del Pilar Pastor Altaba
  • Giovanni Formica
  • Marco D’Angelico
  • Camilla Lebboroni
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 809)

Abstract

Here some results are presented from the ongoing research of the analysis of the drawings by Francesco Borromini, preserved at the Albertina in Vienna, relating to designs of cupolas, in order to highlight the geometric constructions and the proportional relationships in function of the realization of the projects. In fact, besides the symbolic geometries traceable especially in the most famous buildings, such as the San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane or Sant’Ivo alla Sapienza, evidenced even by Borromini himself, other and more decisive geometries are revealed by carefully observing the signed drawings. The research methodology adopted is based on comparing what emerged from the analysis of the drawings, the study of the treatises concerning the construction methods of the cupolas and the results obtained from the survey by means of a 3D laser scanner. The survey, in fact, becomes the tool to ascertain the correspondence between the theoretical form underlying the drawings, and the realized form, including the provisional works that determine the geometric conformation, verifying the link between the geometric-graphic reasoning related to the load distribution and the consequent dimension of the components.

Keywords

Geometric constructions Centering Borromini San Carlino 

References

  1. 1.
    Bellini, F.: Le cupole di Borromini. Electa, Roma (2004)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Marconi, N.: La teoria delle cupole nei trattati di architettura tra Seicento e Settecento. In: Conforti. C. (ed.) Lo specchio del cielo. Forme, significati tecniche e funzioni della cupola dal Pantheon al Novecento. pp. 231–243. Electa, Milano (1997)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Villani, M.:L’architettura delle cupole a Roma 1580–1670. Gangemi Editore, Roma (2008)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Degni, P.: La “Fabrica” di San Carlino alle Quattro Fontane. Gli anni del restauro. Bollettino d’arte. Volume speciale, Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, Roma (2007)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Marconi, N.: I cantieri di Francesco Borromini a Roma. apparati, macchine da costruzione e strutture provvisionali. In: Strollo, R.M. (ed.) Contributi sul Barocco romano: rilievi, studi e documenti. pp. 101–116. Arance, Roma (2001)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Pastor Altaba, M., Canciani, M., Sturm, S.: Disegno, geometria e costruzione: le strutture lignee per la costruzione delle cupole realizzate tra i secoli XVI e XVIII. In: 40th International Proceedings on UID, Drawing as (in)tangible representation (publishing)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Canciani, M.: Drawing, geometry and Construction. The dome of San Carlino alle Quattro Fontane (1634–1675) by Francesco Borromini. In: Amoruso, G. (ed.) Handbook of Research on Visual Computing and Emerging Geometrical Design Tools, vol. II, pp. 608–641. IGI Global (2016)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Alonso García, E.: La máquina geométrica de Borromini. Universidad de Valladolid, Valladolid (2003)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco Canciani
    • 1
  • Giovanna Spadafora
    • 1
    Email author
  • María del Pilar Pastor Altaba
    • 1
  • Giovanni Formica
    • 1
  • Marco D’Angelico
    • 1
  • Camilla Lebboroni
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ArchitectureRoma Tre UniversityRomeItaly

Personalised recommendations