Graphics and Quantum Mechanics—The Necker Cube as a Quantum-like Two-Level System

  • Giorgio BenedekEmail author
  • Giuseppe Caglioti
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 809)


A simulation of the dynamic perception of the Necker cube in terms of a two-level quantum system, e.g. that of the hydrogen tunneling states of the ammonia molecules associated with the 24 GHz maser frequency, indicates that the neuro-physiological transformation leading, through a symmetry reduction, to perceptual reversal is controlled by the principles of quantum mechanics. An elementary neuro-physiological action similar to the Planck constant at a mesoscopic level is introduced.


Two-level quantum and quantum-like systems Ambiguous figures Principle of superposition Symmetry reduction Tunneling Chemical and graphic barriers Perception Mind The unconscious 



It is a pleasure to thank Prof. Luigi Cocchiarella (Politecnico di Milano) for many stimulating comments and advices.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienza dei MaterialiUniversità di Milano-BicoccaMilanItaly
  2. 2.Donostia International Physics Center (DIPC)San SebastianSpain
  3. 3.Dipartimento di EnergiaPolitecnico di MilanoMilanItaly

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