In all domestic species, blood carries a large number of very useful information for the clinician or researcher in physiological or pathological investigation, due to its transport functions of nutrients and oxygen to the organs, tissues, and cells in the body. In the present chapter, focuses on the hematology of the camel, the different blood cells that play a key role in the transport of oxygen (red blood cells) and in the immune defense of the organism (white blood cells) are desribed. The red blood cells of camel are unique among the mammals by their resistance to osmotic pressure during the cycle dehydration/rehydration, contributing to their adaptation to thirst and heat. The predominance of polynuclear neutrophils in place of lymphocytes as in other ruminants, is also a characteristic of the species.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre de Coopération International en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement Research UnitSELMET (Livestock system in Mediterranean and tropical milieu)MontpellierFrance
  2. 2.FAO Regional OfficeTunisTunisia
  3. 3.IAV Hassan IIRabatMorocco

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