Discussion of results and implications for research, policy, and practice

Open Access


Unlike more established Western democracies, most countries in Latin America returned to democratic rule only three or four decades ago or even more recently, and their political, social, and economic stability is often still called into question.

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© International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) 2018

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Australian Council for Educational ResearchCamberwellAustralia
  2. 2.Center of Comparative Policies in EducationUniversidad Diego PortalesSantiago CentroChile

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