Students’ views on peaceful coexistence

Open Access


Although only minorities of students tended to endorse the use of violence, there were considerable differences across the participating countries. Female students, students who expected to complete a university education, and students with higher levels of civic knowledge were less likely than the other students to express positive attitudes toward the use of violence.

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© International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) 2018

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Australian Council for Educational ResearchCamberwellAustralia
  2. 2.Center of Comparative Policies in EducationUniversidad Diego PortalesSantiago CentroChile

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