Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Postconcussion Syndrome

  • Marcia Mitie Nagumo
  • Daniele Vieira da Silva
  • Robson Luis Oliveira de Amorim


Mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been referred to as a “silent epidemic” due to the problems experienced by patients post-injury, and very often they are not visible but may have profound consequences and cause life-long impairments in physical, cognitive, behavioral, and social functions. Mild TBI usually has a natural course of rapid resolution of symptoms within days or weeks. However a considerable proportion of patients will experience postconcussion symptoms for a prolonged period after injury (>3 months). The range of symptoms can be headache, dizziness, fatigue, irritability, sleep disturbance, difficulty to concentrate, memory loss, stress intolerance, light or sound sensibility, balance problems, anxiety, and depressive humor. The social burden of mTBI can be significant, and therefore, family education and counseling together with support of patients and carers by a transdisciplinary team is important for an effective rehabilitation.


Mild traumatic brain injury mTBI Head trauma Brain injury brain concussion Postconcussion syndrome PCS Transdisciplinary teams Rehabilitation 



American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine


Disability-adjusted life year


Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition


Glasgow Coma Scale


International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision


Loss of consciousness


Mild traumatic brain injury


Not applicable


Postconcussion syndrome


Persistent postconcussion syndrome


Posttraumatic amnesia


Sport Concussion Assessment Tool V.3


Traumatic brain injury


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcia Mitie Nagumo
    • 1
  • Daniele Vieira da Silva
    • 2
  • Robson Luis Oliveira de Amorim
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Neurology – Neurosurgery – Clinics Hospital – School of Medicine– University of São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Nursing School – University of São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Neurology – Neurosurgery – Amazonas State UniversityAmazonasBrazil

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