Mechanical Characterization and Numerical Material Modeling of Polyurea
The mechanical behavior of four unique blends of polyurea materials has been investigated through a combined experimental and computational study. Mechanical characterization of each material was evaluated under both tensile and compressive loading at strain rates ranging from 0.01 to 100 strains per second (1/s). Planar blast wave experiments utilizing a 40 mm light gas gun were also conducted which imparted strain rates up to 104 strains per second (1/s). The material testing results showed that stress-strain response is a function of loading, strain level, and strain rate. These results were utilized to define a non-linear rubber material model in Ls-Dyna which was validated against the test data through a series of “block” type simulations for each material. Each material model was shown to replicate both the tensile and compressive behavior as well as the strain rate dependence. The material models were subsequently extended to the simulations of the blast wave experiments. The blast wave simulations were shown to accurately capture wave propagation resulting from a shock type pressure loading as well as the stress magnitudes of the transmitted waves after passing through the respective polyurea materials. The current study has resulted in the mechanical characterization of four polyurea materials under tensile/compressive loading at increasing strain rates, a suitably validated numerical material model, and suitable correlations between experimental and simulation results.
KeywordsPolyurea materials Blast loading Computational modeling Material characterization Strain rate effects
The authors acknowledge the financial support provided by the Naval Undersea Warfare Center (Division Newport) and the Naval Surface Warfare Center (Dahlgren Division) through their respective internal investment programs.