Textual Approaches to Mass Atrocity Education



In this chapter, Drs. Aliza Atik, Kathleen Alves, and Mirna Lekić, the faculty coordinators of the 2016–2017 National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH)/Kupferberg Holocaust Center (KHC) Colloquium Series, “Fleeing Genocide: Displacement, Exile, and the Refugee,” review the unique impact of theoretical and textual approaches to the study of genocide and mass atrocity. They explore the concept of “difficult knowledge,” the notion of “critical genocide studies,” and the way in which the framing of contentious historical and contemporary narratives benefits from strategies of active listening and textual engagement.


Mass Atrocities Colloquium Series United Nations High Commissioner For Refugees (UNHCR) Refuge Boundaries International Refugee Crisis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Agamben, Giorgio. 1995. Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life. Trans. Daniel Heller-Roazen. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Ahmed, Sara. 2004. The Cultural Politics of Emotion. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  3. Bleich, Erik, Irene Bloemraad, and Els de Graauw. 2015. Migrants, Minorities, and the Media: Information, Representations, and Participation in the Public Sphere. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 41 (6): 857–873.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bond, Helen. 2008. Teaching the Holocaust in the Urban Classroom: The Need to Know. In Paths to Teaching the Holocaust, ed. Tibbi Duboys. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.Google Scholar
  5. Britzman, Deborah P. 1998. Lost Subjects, Contested Objects: Toward a Psychoanalytic Inquiry of Learning. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  6. ———. 2000. If the Story Cannot End: Deferred Action, Ambivalence, and Difficult Knowledge. In Between Hope and Despair: Pedagogy and the Remembrance of Historical Trauma, ed. Roger I. Simon, Sharon Rosenberg, and Claudia Eppert. Boston: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.Google Scholar
  7. Esses, Victoria M., Stelian Medianu, and Andrea S. Lawson. 2013. Uncertainty, Threat, and the Role of the Media in Promoting the Dehumanization of Immigrants and Refugees. Journal of Social Issues 69 (3): 518–536.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gatrell, Peter. 2013. The Making of the Modern Refugee. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gorden, Claire. 2014. Coming to America: The 5 Biggest Refugee Groups of the Last 20 Years. Al Jazeera America. October 14.
  10. Haberman, Maggie. 2015. Donald Trump Questions Whether Syrian Refugees Are a ‘Trojan Horse.’ New York Times. November 16.
  11. Hinton, Alexander Laban. 2012. Critical Genocide Studies. Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal 7 (1): 4–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kincheloe, Joel L. 2008. Critical Pedagogy. New York: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  13. Kingsley, Patrick, and Safak Timur. 2015. Stories of 2015: How Alan Kurdi’s Death Changed the World. The Guardian. December 31.
  14. Knox, Katharine, and Tony Kushner. 1999. Refugees in an Age of Genocide: Global, National and Local Perspectives During the Twentieth Century. London: Frank Cass.Google Scholar
  15. Kochavi, Arieh J. 2001. Post-Holocaust Politics: Britain, The United States & Jewish Refugees, 1945–1948. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press.Google Scholar
  16. Laub, Dori. 1992. Bearing Witness or the Vicissitudes of Listening. In Testimony: Crises Of Witnessing in Literature, Psychoanalysis and History, ed. Shoshana Felman and Dori Laub, 57–74. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  17. Laurent, Olivier. 2015. What the Image of Aylan Kurdi Says About the Power of Photography. Time. September 4.Google Scholar
  18. Low, Bronwen E., and Emmanuelle Sonntag. 2013. Towards a Pedagogy of Listening: Teaching and Learning from Life Stories of Human Rights Violations. Curriculum Studies 45 (6): 768–789.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lubling, Yoram. 2004. Teaching the Shoah: Philosophy and the Holocaust. In Teaching the Shoah in the Twenty-First Century: Topics and Topographies, ed. Simon P. Sibelman, 177–191. Lewsiton: The Edwin Mellen Press.Google Scholar
  20. Ngai, Sianne. 2005. Ugly Feelings. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Parker, Samuel. 2015. ‘Unwanted Invaders’: The Representation of Refugees and Asylum Seekers in the UK and Australian Print Media. eSharp 23.
  22. Pensiero, Karen Miller. 2015. Aylan Kurdi and the Photos That Change History. The Wall Street Journal. September 11.
  23. Pitt, Alice, and Deborah Britzman. 2003. Speculations on Qualities of Difficult Knowledge in Teaching and Learning: An Experiment in Psychoanalytic Research. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education 16 (6): 755–756.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Rajaram, Prem Kumar, and Carl Grundy-Warr. 2004. The Irregular Migrant as Homo Sacer: Migration and Detention in Australia, Malaysia, and Thailand. International Migration 42 (1): 33–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Soguk, Nevzat. 1999. States and Strangers: Refugees and Displacements of Statecraft. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  26. Tharoor, Ishaan. 2015. What Americans Thought of Jewish Refugees on the Eve of World War II. The Washington Post. November 17.
  27. The White House. 2017. Executive Order Protecting The Nation From Foreign Terrorist Entry Into The United States. Accessed 20 Mar.
  28. Totten, Samuel. 2004. Issues of Rationale: Teaching About Genocide. In Teaching About Genocide: Issues, Approaches, and Resources, ed. Samuel Totten. Greenwich: Information Age Publishing.Google Scholar
  29. The UNHCR. 2016. Global Trends: Forced Displacement in 2015. UNHCR. June 20.Google Scholar
  30. Zembylas, Michalinos. 2008. The Politics of Trauma in Education. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EnglishQueensborough Community College, CUNYBaysideUSA
  2. 2.Department of MusicQueensborough Community College, CUNYBaysideUSA

Personalised recommendations