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Differences in Consumption Patterns Between Urban and Rural Migrant Households in Vietnam

Chapter
Part of the Population Economics book series (POPULATION)

Abstract

This chapter uses data from the Vietnam Household Living Standards Survey 2012 (VHLSS2012) and the Vietnam Rural–Urban Migration Survey 2013 (VRUMS2013) to study migrants’ consumption behaviour in the destination cities in Vietnam. Using ordinary least squares (OLS) and quantile regression, the author finds that overall consumption levels are considerably lower for migrant households without an urban household registration (ho khau). The gap is significantly large for non-food consumption, while it is almost negligible for food consumption. The difference in consumption behaviour between migrant and urban households is explained partly by the differences in sending remittances and precautionary saving behaviour between the two groups. Also, the existing gap at the top end of the consumption distribution implies that migrant households may not be able to fully catch up with their urban counterparts.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International and Development Economics, Crawford School of Public PolicyAustralian National UniversityCanberraAustralia

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