Blockchain-Based Research Data Sharing Framework for Incentivizing the Data Owners

  • Ajay Kumar ShresthaEmail author
  • Julita Vassileva
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10974)


Data sharing practices are much needed to maximize knowledge gain by researchers. However, when and what data should be shared with whom, and how credit should be awarded to the data owner needs to be clearly addressed to create an individual incentive for data owners to share their data. A platform that allows owners to control and get rewards from sharing their data would be an important enabler of research data-sharing, since presently, such incentives for researchers to share their data are largely missing. Our approach delivers a usable blockchain based model for a collection of researchers’ data, providing accountability of access, maintaining the complete and updated information, and a verifiable record of the provenance, including all accesses/sharing/usages of the data. Data owners will not only enjoy increased transparency and protection of data from falling into the wrong hands, but they will also be incentivized with digital tokens, acknowledgment, or both to share their data with the interested data seekers, thus becoming active participants that stand to benefit from the research data economy.


Blockchain Smart contract Incentive Data sharing Privacy 


  1. 1.
    Poslad, S.: Ubiquitous Computing: Smart Devices, Environments and Interactions. Wiley Publishing, New York (2009). ISBN: 978-0-470-03560-3Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lo, B., DeMets, D.: Incentives for clinical trialists to share data. N. Engl. J. Med. 375(12), 1112–1115 (2016). Scholar
  3. 3.
    Shrestha, A.K.: Security of SIP-based infrastructure against malicious message attacks. In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Software, Knowledge, Information Management and Applications. IEEE (2017).
  4. 4.
    Dolog, P., Vassileva, J.: Decentralized, agent-based and social approaches to user modeling. In: Workshop DASUM-05, at the 9th International Conference on User Modeling (UM 2005), Edinburgh, Scotland (2005)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Shrestha, A.K., Vassileva, J.: Towards decentralized data storage in general cloud platform for meta-products. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Big Data and Advanced Wireless Technologies (BDAW 2016). ACM, New York (2016)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    original-bitcoin/main.h at master · trottier/original-bitcoin · GitHub. Accessed 10 Feb 2017
  7. 7.
    Greenspan, G.: MultiChain Private Blockchain — White Paper, 1st edn. (2015)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Buterin, V.: A next-generation smart contract and decentralized application platform. In: GitHub White Paper (2010). Accessed 19 Sep 2017
  9. 9.
    Bierer, B.E., Crosas, M., Pierce, H.H.: Data authorship as an incentive to data sharing. N Engl. J. Med. 376(17), 1684–1687 (2017). Retrieved from Scholar
  10. 10.
    Vrandec, D., Krotzsch, M.: Wikidata: a free collaborative knowledgebase. Commun. ACM 57(10) (2014)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Davoust, A.: Decentralized Social Data Sharing. Thesis report. Ottawa-Carleton Institute for Electrical and Computer Engineering (OCIECE) (2015)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Liu, H., Li, X., Xu, M., Mo, R., Ma, J.: A fair data access control towards rational users in cloud storage. Inf. Sci. 418, 258–271 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ozzie, G.W.F., Horvitz, E.J., Goodman, J.T., Brill, E.D., Brunell, B.A., Dumais, S.T., Ozzie, R.E.: User-controlled profile sharing (2009)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Starin, D., Baden, R., Bender, A., Spring, N., Bhattacharjee, B.: Persona : an online social network with user-defined privacy categories and subject descriptors. In: Sigcomm 2009, pp. 135–146 (2009).
  15. 15.
    Hull, R., Kumar, B., Lieuwen, D., Patel-Schneider, P.F., Sahuguet, A., Varadarajan, S., Vyas, A.: Enabling context-aware and privacy-conscious user data sharing. In: Proceedings on IEEE International Conference on Mobile Data Management, pp. 187–198. IEEE (2004).
  16. 16.
    Chen, C., Chang, S., Liu, C.: Understanding knowledge-sharing motivation, incentive mechanisms, and satisfaction in virtual communities. Soc. Behav. Pers. Int. J. 40(4), 639–647 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Shrestha, A.K., Vassileva, J.: User-controlled privacy-preserving user profile data sharing based on blockchain. In: Proceedings of the Future Technologies Conference (FTC), Vancouver, Canada. IEEE (2017)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada

Personalised recommendations