Cost Reduction for Micro-Grid Powered Data Center Networks with Energy Storage Devices

  • Guanglin Zhang
  • Kaijiang Yi
  • Wenqian Zhang
  • Demin Li
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10874)


The data center networks including multiple geo-distributed data centers begin to surge for meeting the ever-increasing Internet demand. To reduce the electricity bills in data centers, the current efforts center on developing sustainable data centers and improving energy efficiency. In this paper, we power data center with a microgrid which have conventional generators (CG), renewable energy sources (RES) and connected with electricity markets. To smooth the RES uncertainty, we integrate energy storage devices into microgrid. Besides, we consider any kind of energy can be charged into batteries or directly cover the demand of data centers. A stochastic program is formulated by integrating the geo-distributed load balancing, the energy management in microgrid and server configuration while guaranteeing the quality of service experience by end users. We design an online algorithm using Lyapunov optimization techniques without foreseeing any future information. The numerical evaluations based on real-world data sets corroborate the superior performance in reducing cost compared with previous works.


Data center networks Microgrid Lyapunov Energy storage devices Renewable energy sources 



This work is supported by the NSF of China under Grant No. 71171045, No. 61772130, and No. 61301118; the Innovation Program of Shanghai Municipal Education Commission under Grant No. 14YZ130; and the International S&T Cooperation Program of Shanghai Science and Technology Commission under Grant No. 15220710600.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guanglin Zhang
    • 1
  • Kaijiang Yi
    • 1
  • Wenqian Zhang
    • 1
  • Demin Li
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Information Science and Technology, Engineering Research Center of Digitized Textile and Apparel Technology, Ministry of EducationDonghua UniversityShanghaiChina

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