“Working” Intimacies in Wharton’s Ethan Frome

  • Maya Higashi WakanaEmail author


Maya Higashi Wakana demonstrates that by the end of Wharton’s Ethan Frome (1911), a “working” intimacy reigns, with Ethan Frome, Zeena Frome, and Mattie Silver knowing exactly where they all stand, knowing also that they each have a right to their claimed position. Mobilizing the concept of “relational uncertainty” (Knobloch), Wakana shows that the novel can be productively read as one about “face,” the management of relational uncertainties, hurt, and internal accounts of who owes whom how much and for what, and the dangers and comforts of scripts as well as habit. Based on the contention that the narrator can only reproduce what this narrator is capable of understanding, the author analyzes the narrator as a character in his own right in examining his story.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ritsumeikan UniversityKyotoJapan

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