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Analyzing Complex Models Using Data and Statistics

  • Abani K. Patra
  • Andrea Bevilacqua
  • Ali Akhavan Safei
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10861)

Abstract

Complex systems (e.g., volcanoes, debris flows, climate) commonly have many models advocated by different modelers and incorporating different modeling assumptions. Limited and sparse data on the modeled phenomena does not permit a clean discrimination among models for fitness of purpose, and, heuristic choices are usually made, especially for critical predictions of behavior that has not been experienced. We advocate here for characterizing models and the modeling assumptions they represent using a statistical approach over the full range of applicability of the models. Such a characterization may then be used to decide the appropriateness of a model for use, and, perhaps as needed weighted compositions of models for better predictive power. We use the example of dense granular representations of natural mass flows in volcanic debris avalanches, to illustrate our approach.

Keywords

Model analysis Statistical analysis 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abani K. Patra
    • 1
    • 3
  • Andrea Bevilacqua
    • 2
  • Ali Akhavan Safei
    • 3
  1. 1.Computational Data Science and EngineeringUniversity at BuffaloBuffaloUSA
  2. 2.Earth Sciences DepartmentUniversity at BuffaloBuffaloUSA
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringUniversity at BuffaloBuffaloUSA

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