Region Oriented Integrated Fog and Cloud Based Environment for Efficient Resource Distribution in Smart Buildings

  • Itrat Fatima
  • Sakeena Javaid
  • Nadeem JavaidEmail author
  • Isra Shafi
  • Zunaira Nadeem
  • Rahim Ullah
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 772)


In this paper, an integrated fog and cloud based environment for effective energy management is proposed in which fogs are connected to cloud in order to reduce the burden of cloud. It handles the data of clusters of buildings at consumers’ end. Six fogs are used on six different regions in the world which are based on six continents. Furthermore, each fog is connected to cluster of buildings and one fog is connected to one cluster. Each cluster comprises of multiple smart buildings and these buildings has at least 100 smart homes. Microgrids (MGs) are available near the buildings and accessible by the fogs. Energy is managed for these homes and fog helps the consumers to fulfill their load demands through nearby MGs and cloud servers’ communication. The requests are sent by the homes or buildings to the fog according to the energy demands and fog forwards these requests to nearby MGs to fulfill them. The MGs establish the connection and provide electricity to relevant homes in the building and requests are managed by the round robin algorithm. Proposed model is evaluated in terms of demand request time, demand response time and demand processing time and it performs efficiently during the peak demand periods.


Cloud computing Fog computing Demand request time Demand response time Demand processing time Energy management Smart grid Microgrid 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Itrat Fatima
    • 1
  • Sakeena Javaid
    • 1
  • Nadeem Javaid
    • 1
    Email author
  • Isra Shafi
    • 2
  • Zunaira Nadeem
    • 3
  • Rahim Ullah
    • 1
  1. 1.COMSATS Institute of Information TechnologyIslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Computing and TechnologyAbasyn UniversityIslamabadPakistan
  3. 3.National University of Science and TechnologyIslamabadPakistan

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