Torricelliaceae Hu, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. Bot. 5: 313 (1934).
  • G. M. PlunkettEmail author
  • Q. -Y. Xiang
  • P. P. LowryII
  • G. E. Schatz
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 15)


Small trees or shrubs, evergreen or deciduous; plants dioecious or hermaphroditic, lacking secretory canals. Leaves spiral and simple; margins often dentate, serrate, crenate to pinnatifid, more rarely entire; leaf venation pinnate or palmate; petioles exstipulate and distinctly sheathing; blades chartaceous to subcoriaceous or somewhat succulent, glabrous or trichomes unicellular or multicellular, unbranched, glandular and sometimes also nonglandular. Inflorescence terminal (occasionally in the upper leaf axils) and paniculate with racemules or cymules as the ultimate inflorescence unit (or bifid of two racemes), erect or pendulous. Flowers minute to medium-sized, perfect or imperfect, actinomorphic, epigynous, pedicel articulated or not, bracteolate; calyx a low rim or tube with (3–)5 small teeth or subequal lobes; corolla imbricate or induplicate-valvate; petals free 5 (sometimes lacking), broad at base, plane or inflexed at apex, ovate to long-elliptical; stamens 5 (lacking or present as staminodia in carpellate flowers), alternipetalous; anthers tetrasporangiate, basi- or dorsifixed, with longitudinal dehiscence; pollen tricolporate; carpels 3, connate; ovary inferior; epigynous disc absent to flat or forming a gibbous stylopodium; styles 3, free, erect to recurving (sometimes bifid); locules 3, sometimes all but one aborting; a single functional ovule per ovary (others abortive); ovules pendant and anatropous, placentation apical or axile. Fruits drupaceous, single-seeded crowned by the persistent calyx and styles; exocarp smooth, mesocarp fleshy, endocarp sclerified or lignified. Seeds with copious endosperm (ruminate or uniform) and a small embryo.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. M. Plunkett
    • 1
    Email author
  • Q. -Y. Xiang
    • 2
  • P. P. LowryII
    • 3
    • 4
  • G. E. Schatz
    • 3
  1. 1.Cullman Program for Molecular SystematicsNew York Botanical GardenBronxUSA
  2. 2.Department of Plant and Microbial BiologyNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA
  3. 3.Missouri Botanical GardenSt. LouisUSA
  4. 4.Institut de Systématique, Évolution et Biodiversité (ISYEB)Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Sorbonne UniversitésParisFrance

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