Coordination Between Photosynthesis and Stomatal Behavior

  • Tracy LawsonEmail author
  • Ichiro Terashima
  • Takashi Fujita
  • Yin Wang
Part of the Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration book series (AIPH, volume 44)


Stomata open and close in response to internal and external signals to balance CO2 uptake for photosynthesis and water loss through transpiration. For a plant to function efficiently, this balance is essential to ensure adequate CO2 uptake for mesophyll demands and sufficient water loss to maintain transpiration and optimal leaf temperature from evaporative cooling for maximal photosynthetic performance, while also ensuring an appropriate whole plant water status. Both stomata and mesophyll respond to external and internal cues and there is a close synchrony between stomata movements and mesophyll photosynthesis. However, the mechanism(s) that co-ordinate these two responses are unknown. Here we examine evidence for a mesophyll driven signal and discuss possible candidates for such a signal. We also provide a brief review of some of the experimental approaches adopted for exploring mesophyll-stomatal interactions. We discuss a possible role for guard cell chloroplasts and guard cell photosynthesis as a mechanism for this co-ordination. Finally, we show that stomatal responses are different on adaxial and abaxial leaf surfaces, raising further questions regarding mesophyll driven signals co-ordinating behavior. We conclude that despite numerous studies, the mesophyll signal remains to be elucidated, and that further research is needed to determine the mechanisms and signal transduction pathways that facilitate the well observed correlation between mesophyll photosynthetic rates and stomatal conductance.



rate of photosynthetic CO2 uptake


abscisic acid


adenosine triphosphate


concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere surrounding a leaf


concentration of CO2 internal to the leaf tissue


3,4-dichlorophenyl-1,1 –dimethylurea


diffusivity of water vapor in air at 25 °C


an anion-release channel in the plasma membrane of guard cells

\( {g}_{\mathrm{max}} \)

maximum stomatal conductance


stomatal conductance




proton transporter that spans the cell membrane




nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate


maximum stomatal pore area


stomatal pore depth




stomatal density


a guard cell S-type anion channel


tricarboxylic acid


molar volume of air


vapor pressure deficit between the inside of the leaf and the atmosphere


water use efficiency


wild type



We would like BBSRC grant no.BB/L001187/1 & BB/N021061/1 for support for T.L along with the School of Biological Sciences, University of Essex; a Sasagawa scientific research grant from The Japan Science Society and a grant-in-aid for JSPS Fellows (no. 12 J08951) for T.F; a MEXT Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Innovative Areas (no. 21114007) from and JSPS Grants-in-Aid for Exploratory Studies (nos. 23657029 and 15 K14537) for I.T; and a JSPS research fellowship for young scientists (no. 2010431) for Y.W.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tracy Lawson
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ichiro Terashima
    • 2
  • Takashi Fujita
    • 2
  • Yin Wang
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Biological SciencesUniversity of EssexColchesterUK
  2. 2.Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of ScienceThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Institute of Transformative Bio-Molecules (ITbM)Nagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan

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