Skip to main content

Practical Performability Assessment for ZigBee-Based Sensors in the IoT Era

Part of the EAI/Springer Innovations in Communication and Computing book series (EAISICC)


With the advent of IoT-based technologies, communication of everyday objects with the Internet and with each other has become a reality which resulted in the creation of new research areas such as location-aware routing and location-based services. These concepts are also described as the ability to locate a mobile user geographically and offer services to the user based on their location. Besides, accurate positioning of network components in wireless networks is desirable for building intelligent networks, energy preserving routing, and providing improved network lifetime. In this study, we have conducted empirical studies on positioning of ZigBee-based sensor nodes. Results indicate that time of flight-based positioning provides better distance estimates than receiver signal strength-based positioning. Findings of this study can be used to develop more realistic data routing algorithms and improve node positioning. Tables 2.1 shows the list of abbreviations used in this chapter.


  • Location-based service
  • ZigBee
  • Time of flight
  • Link quality
  • IoT

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-93557-7_2
  • Chapter length: 11 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
USD   129.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-319-93557-7
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   169.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   169.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 2.1
Fig. 2.2
Fig. 2.3
Fig. 2.4
Fig. 2.5
Fig. 2.6
Fig. 2.7
Fig. 2.8
Fig. 2.9
Fig. 2.10
Fig. 2.11


  1. U. D. Ulusar, F. Al-Turjman, G. Celik, “An overview of Internet of things and wireless communications,” in 2017 International Conference on Computer Science and Engineering (UBMK), 2017, pp. 506–509

    Google Scholar 

  2. Z. Chen, F. Xia, T. Huang, F. Bu, H. Wang, A localization method for the internet of things. J.~Supercomput. 63(3), 657–674 (2013)

    Google Scholar 

  3. F. Al-Turjman, QoS—aware data delivery framework for safety-inspired multimedia in integrated vehicular-IoT. Comput. Commun. 121, 33–43 (2018)

    Google Scholar 

  4. F. Al-Turjman, 5G-enabled devices and smart-spaces in social-IoT: an overview. Futur. Gener. Comput. Syst. (2017).

  5. F. Al-Turjman, S. Alturjman, Context-sensitive access in industrial internet of things (IIoT) healthcare applications. IEEE Trans. Ind. Inform. PP(99), 1 (2018)

    Google Scholar 

  6. F.M. Al-Turjman, Information-centric sensor networks for cognitive IoT: an overview. Ann. Telecommun. 72(1–2), 3–18 (2017)

    Google Scholar 

  7. M.D. Bedford, G.A. Kennedy, Evaluation of ZigBee (IEEE 802.15.4) time-of-flight-based distance measurement for application in emergency underground navigation. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 60(5), 2502–2510 (2012)

    Google Scholar 

  8. U. D. Ulusar, G. Celik, F. Al-Turjman, Wireless Communication Aspects in the Internet of Things: An Overview, in 2017 IEEE 42nd Conference on Local Computer Networks Workshops (LCN Workshops), 2017, pp. 165–169

    Google Scholar 

  9. C. Phillips, D. Sicker, D. Grunwald, A survey of wireless path loss prediction and coverage mapping methods. IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutor. 15(1), 255–270 (2013)

    Google Scholar 

  10. F. Al-Turjman, Optimized hexagon-based deployment for large-scale ubiquitous sensor networks. J. Netw. Syst. Manag. 26(2), 255–283 (2018)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  11. Data Sheet: JN516x NXP-IEEE802.15.4 Wireless Microcontroller. NXP Laboratories UK, 2013

    Google Scholar 

  12. F. Al-Turjman, Cognitive-Node Architecture and a Deployment Strategy for the Future WSNs, Mob. Netw. Appl., May 2017, pp. 1–19

    Google Scholar 

Download references


This work is supported by Tubitak project 115E198.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Umit D. Ulusar .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2019 Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature

About this chapter

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Ulusar, U.D., Celik, G., Turk, E., Al-Turjman, F., Guvenc, H. (2019). Practical Performability Assessment for ZigBee-Based Sensors in the IoT Era. In: Al-Turjman, F. (eds) Performability in Internet of Things. EAI/Springer Innovations in Communication and Computing. Springer, Cham.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-93556-0

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-93557-7

  • eBook Packages: EngineeringEngineering (R0)