Neonatal Surgical Education in Minimally Invasive Surgery Based on Simulation
Neonatal minimally invasive surgery (NMIS) requires a high level of training in both neonatal and MIS disciplines. It requires a progressive goal-oriented curricula content specific to each surgical neonatal pathology. Evaluation of the theoretical and practical contents at each stage of training is mandatory. Surgical skills training has been classically done in the operating room under the supervision of the senior surgeon and in animal models, when available. The difficult learning curve combined with the few cases per year for each surgeon is a critical factor against the spread of these procedures that are feasible and effective in experts’ hands.
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