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Energy Security and National Security: The Case of Israel

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The Political Economy of Development in Southeastern Europe

Part of the book series: Contributions to Economics ((CE))

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Abstract

The scope of this paper is to examine the parameters and factors that energy security and national security consist of, how they interact between them, and finally how they are applied in the case of Israel.

Reference is made to certain aspects of international political economy; considering the way that international relations view the world—through states, anarchy, and diplomatic practice—ultimately depends upon which approach is chosen: realism, liberalism, or the critical approach. The theory of realism and its different versions will be finally taken into consideration in order to explain the notions of energy security and national security in the case of a state.

A general overview of the relevant literature follows regarding both concepts: energy security and national security. Based on the analysis, a conceptual framework is given, where these concepts are presented in a model that describes their correlation and also refers to the parameters each one consists of. Α primary study was conducted to explore the relationship between the two aforementioned variables: energy security (independent variable, IV) and natural security (dependent variable, DV). The aim was to validate the outcomes of the study on the State of Israel and understand any variances and deviations that might occur in this case.

The findings of the research confirm the conceptual framework while demonstrating the implications of the examined concepts regarding the state of energy security and national security in the case of Israel. The interviewees believe that the security of energy is of vital importance for the State of Israel, and this is proven in a number of actual cases, while its effect and contribution to the country’s national security go without question.

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Correspondence to Spyros Roukanas .

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Flouros, F., Roukanas, S., Sklias, P. (2018). Energy Security and National Security: The Case of Israel. In: Roukanas, S., Polychronidou, P., Karasavvoglou, A. (eds) The Political Economy of Development in Southeastern Europe. Contributions to Economics. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-93452-5_9

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