Relevant Surgical Anatomy of the Posterior Subaxial Spine and the Cervicothoracic Junction



While the subaxial cervical spine consists of four typical cervical vertebrae from C3 to C6, the vertebras between C6 and Th4 show special and unique characteristics. The cervicothoracic junction is the intersection between the mobile cervical spine and the rigid thoracic spine. This chapter focuses on the muscular anatomy of the posterior subaxial and upper thoracic spine and on the special bony anatomy of the vertebras forming the cervicothoracic junction.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryKlinikum EsslingenEsslingen a.N.Germany
  2. 2.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryHospital Clinic Universitari de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain

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