Territorial Zoning by Natural Conditions as a Nature-Like Technology in Engineering Geology
The strategy of human-nature interaction is considered, which is based on two kinds of anthropogenic activities: (a) nature consumption, i.e., extraction and consumption of natural resources necessary for civilization survival and (b) nature use or nature management in the course of economic activity, which is aimed at providing comfortable and safe living on the Earth. Implementation of the first principle depends on the technological level of civilization development, whereas the second principle presumes adapting the economic activity to natural conditions. The paper discusses the principles of adaptive nature-use technologies and it cites cases of their application to civil construction and waste management. The nature-like technologies based on the adaptation principle are aimed at mitigating the adverse impact of construction sites on the environment and at providing safety of engineering structures.
KeywordsNature conservation Nature management Adaptation Nature-like technology Territory zoning
This study was supported by the Russian Science Foundation, project no. 16-17-00125.
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