China, Russia and the Great Power Contest in the Middle East

  • Jo Inge BekkevoldEmail author


This chapter argues that the hegemonic position of the United States in the Middle East is giving way to a new great power triangle consisting of the United States, Russia, and China. The relationship between these three great powers will be characterized more by competition than cooperation. Russia and China have more in common with each other than with the United States, but Beijing is more concerned with stability and economic cooperation in the region than is Moscow. Russia’s relations with countries in the Middle East are mostly one-dimensional, revolving around security and arms trade. China’s relationships are more multi-dimensional, encompassing major investments, infrastructural development, crude oil imports, a steadily expanding arms trade, and growing security footprint.


Middle East Great power contest US hegemony Arab Policy Paper Anti-piracy effort in the Gulf of Aden UN Security Council Iran Saudi-Arabia Egypt Turkey Syria OPEC Oil Indian Ocean Region Suez canal Gateway BRI PLA Navy 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Norwegian Institute for Defence StudiesOsloNorway

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