Explaining the Emerging Sino-Russian Energy Partnership
This chapter contends that although geopolitics plays a role in the emerging Sino-Russian energy cooperation, it is important to take into account domestic politics to fully understand this development. Russia’s energy turn to China occurred before the Ukraine crisis, and has in large part been driven by Moscow’s assessment that Asia, and China in particular, would be the primary source of Russia’s future growth. The Sino-Russian gas breakthrough in 2014 was due to the peculiar way in which domestic and international factors combined to produce the outcome at that particular moment. Even though Russia has been able to conclude landmark deals and open the Chinese energy market, China has been able to negotiate favorable deals with a Russia desperate for cash, credit, and new markets.
KeywordsEnergy Oil Gas LNG Energy diversification Geopolitics Domestic politics NOC ESPO CNPC Rosneft Gazprom Transneft Power of Siberia Sakhalin
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