The Indispensable Partner: Russia in China’s Grand Strategy

  • Mingjiang LiEmail author
  • Angela Poh


In this chapter, the authors argue that while China-Russia ties have remained more pragmatic than sentimental, the relationship has improved significantly in recent years, and particularly under the Vladimir Putin and Xi Jinping administrations. Russia is now also playing a more significant role in China’s grand international strategy. Despite lingering mutual mistrust and other challenges, China and Russia have increasingly positive attitudes towards each other. Extensive mechanisms of cooperation have also been established between the two countries in the areas of security, trade, energy, and culture. These developments look poised to pave the way for a genuine strategic partnership between China and Russia that is based on endogenous factors.


Grand strategy China Dream Beijing Belt and Road Initiative BRICS International order Multilateral cooperation Trade Energy Russian Far East PLA US hegemony 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS), Nanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore

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