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Resettlement Challenges for Children After Disasters (Case Study): Bam City

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Resettlement Challenges for Displaced Populations and Refugees

Part of the book series: Sustainable Development Goals Series ((SDGS))

Abstract

The Bam earthquake catastrophe has had many negative effects on children. The purpose of establishing post-disaster “child-friendly spaces” is to provide an opportunity for children by designing safe spaces, in addition to creating good physical and psychological conditions that will be effective in helping children to rehabilitate faster after disasters. Bam city, after the horrible earthquake in 2003, was an example of a situation in which a child-friendly approach was considered, and governmental and international organizations and NGOs became involved there and constructed several child-friendly spaces. It seems that, 10 years after the earthquake, an assessment of child-friendly spaces’ impacts is particularly important. Methodology included qualitative assessment-based approaches, and the content analysis method was adopted. In this study, interviews and group meetings were conducted, including presence of children who became juvenile and adolescent during the 10 years after the earthquake, along with parents and educators working in child-friendly spaces; and thus comments of children in relation to child-friendly spaces were collected and analyzed. Results indicate that despite most children being completely satisfied with these spaces, there are still challenges in the optimal planning and design of such spaces. For example, there are proposed strategies including localization of activities, considering the effect of climate on design and also the use of indigenous architectural knowledge, as well as paying attention to secure pathways for children. Providing furniture, interior design, and suitable equipment for children, separating health services, the use of resistant and waterproof tents and colorful ones with age-appropriate and happy schemes, and also increasing green space in addition to the closed spaces were requested by children as feedback on the post-disaster child-friendly space design of Bam.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    Coincident with the tenth anniversary of the earthquake in Bam on January 5, 2003, a series of meetings on “The Role of NGOs (SAMANs) in Bam” was held in the library rooms of Ershad mosque by Khrasanchy. In calling upon the NGOs somewhat participated in the earthquake were invited in the opportunity to present their studies, activities, and proposals. In three consecutive terms in the first week of January, February, and March 2014, the meetings were held.

  2. 2.

    Kawar, species of native architecture of Bam that can be built with a palm tree filament; in summer the weather is very hot and the native’s use of these structures is temporary. That makes it doubly cool splashing water on.

  3. 3.

    Meeting (a group meeting) took 6 h (14–9) within the conex

  4. 4.

    These specialized texts, as well as international experience, show that so far only two child-friendly spaces detailed assessments were conducted in Uganda and Ethiopia. The sample after 6 months of construction of child-friendly spaces is embodied; therefore, the present study was after 10 years; an attempt was made to recover the most information that could be collected after 10 years had elapsed.

  5. 5.

    Information and basic.

  6. 6.

    Due to the specialized literature, information was collected by attending in meetings “NGOs in Bam earthquake”; the questions were designed and after assuring the validity of the questions, according to experts’ viewpoint; the question before the presence in the region and experimentally were laid to five individuals who are introduced to child-friendly spaces.

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Gamini, H., Khalili, H.A. (2019). Resettlement Challenges for Children After Disasters (Case Study): Bam City. In: Asgary, A. (eds) Resettlement Challenges for Displaced Populations and Refugees. Sustainable Development Goals Series. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-92498-4_10

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