Biological Wastewater Treatment Technologies for BPA Removal

  • Magdalena ZIELIŃSKAEmail author


Biological degradation is considered one of the most effective ways to reduce the estrogenic activity of BPA in wastewater and to remove BPA from the environment. Indeed, using the metabolic potential of microorganisms to mineralize pollutants is considered a safer and more economic alternative to widely used physico-chemical processes. Although BPA is not readily biodegradable and is considered a pseudo-persistent in the environment, it could be over 90% eliminated using adapted microorganisms. BPA concentrations in the effluents from full-scale wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) indicate that this compound is not completely degraded during wastewater treatment. Thus, the development of efficient biological methods is crucial.


Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTPs) Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) Inactivated Sludge Molecularly Imprinted Polymers Microspheres (MIPMs) Activated Sludge 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Magdalena ZIELIŃSKA
    • 1
    Email author
    • 1
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Warmia and Mazury in OlsztynOlsztynPoland

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