Preservation of Gametes and Embryos

  • Amir AravEmail author
  • Joseph Saragusty


Cryopreservation is the practical implementation of the scientific field of cryobiology. It was developed particularly over the last two centuries, having major milestones in the field of animal reproduction. Technologies such as directional freezing of sperm and sperm desiccation, as well as oocyte and embryo freezing and vitrification, are discussed and described in this chapter. Hereinafter, we describe the major breakthroughs of the past two centuries and our foresight for the near future.


Freezing Vitrification Cryopreservation Oocyte Spermatozoa Fertility Biobanking Directional freezing Animal reproduction Assisted reproductive technologies 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.FertileSafe Ltd.Ness ZionaIsrael
  2. 2.Laboratory of Embryology, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of TeramoTeramoItaly

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