Advertisement

Thermally Informed Robotic Topologies: Profile-3D-Printing for the Robotic Construction of Concrete Panels, Thermally Tuned Through High Resolution Surface Geometry

  • Joshua BardEmail author
  • Dana Cupkova
  • Newell Washburn
  • Garth Zeglin
Conference paper

Abstract

This paper explores the thermal design and robotic construction of high-performance building components. The complex surface geometry of these components actuate specific thermal behavior in passive building systems through implementing the principles of convection in thermal mass. Our seamless design-to-fabrication workflow uses optimization methods that combine measured thermal data and simulation feedback with advanced modeling and emerging robotic manufacturing techniques. Bridging an understanding of thermal performance, geometry, and manufacturing we suggest direct formal relationships between the behavior of airflow to tool-path planning for a robotic arm. This paper will focus on describing an experimental process we term Profile-3D-Printing that demonstrates a novel approach to the construction of concrete panels with complex surface geometries. This hybrid construction method combines material deposition with tooled post-processing to achieve high-resolution surface definition. The process entails automated delivery of material for selective deposition of panel geometry, and tooled shaping of rough and finish layers for the physical production of computationally generated forms.

Keywords

Additive manufacturing High-Performance design Digital concrete Thermal performance Robotic fabrication 

References

  1. 1.
    Cupkova, D., Promoppatum, P.: Modulating thermal mass behavior through surface figuration. In: Nagakura, T., Tibbits, S., Mueller, C., Ibañez, M. (eds.) Acadia 2017: Disciplines & Disruption, Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture, pp. 202–211. Cambridge, MA. (2017)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yao, L.-S.: Natural convection along a vertical complex wavy surface. Int. J. Heat Mass Transf. 49, 281–286 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cupkova, D., Azel, N.: Mass Regimes: geometric actuation of thermal behavior. Int. J. Architectural Comput. 13(2), 169–193 (2015).  https://doi.org/10.1260/1478-0771.13.2.169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lim, S., Buswell, R.A., Le, T.T., Austin, S.A., Gibb, A.G.F., Thorpe, T.: Developments in construction-scale additive manufacturing processes. Autom. Const. 21(1), 262–268 (2012).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.autcon.2011.06.010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Soar, R., Andreen, D.: The role of additive manufacturing and physiomimetic computational design for digital construction. Architectural Des. 82(2), 126–135 (2012).  https://doi.org/10.1002/ad.1389CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mehta, P., Monteiro, P.J.: Concrete: Microstructure, Properties and Materials. Mc-Graw Hill, New York (2006)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Marar, K., Eren, Ö.: Effect of cement content and water/cement ratio on fresh concrete properties without admixtures. Int. J. Phys. Sci. 6(24), 5752–5765 (2011)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Marchon, D., Juilland, P., Gallucci, E., Frunz, L., Flatt, R.J.: Molecular and submolecular scale effects of comb-copolymers on tri-calcium silicate reactivity: toward molecular design. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 100(3), 817–841 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yamada, K., Ogawa, S., Hanehara, S.: Controlling of the adsorption and dispersing force of polycarboxylate-type superplasticizer by sulfate ion concentration in aqueous phase. Cem. Concr. Res. 31(3), 375–383 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Leemann, A., Winnefeld, F.: The effect of viscosity modifying agents on mortar and concrete. Cement Concr. Compos. 29(5), 341–349 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Cupkova, D., Yao, S. C., & Azel, N.: Morphologically controlled thermal rate of ultra high performance concrete. In: Sabin, J.E., PazGutierrez, M., Santangelo, C. (eds.) Proceedings of the Adaptive Architecture and Programmable Matter Conference - Next Generation Building Skins and Systems from Nano to Macro, San Francisco, CA (2015)  https://doi.org/10.1557/opl.2015.569
  12. 12.
    Bard, J., Mankouche, S., Schulte, M.: Morphfaux. In: Brell-Çokcan, S., Braumann, J. (eds.) ROB|ARCH 2012: Robotic Fabrication in Architecture, Art and Design, pp. 138–141. Springer, Vienna (2013).  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-7091-1465-0_13
  13. 13.
    Khoshnevis, B.: Automated construction by contour crafting - related robotics and information technologies. Autom. Constr. 13, 5–19 (2004).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.autcon.2003.08.012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wangler, T., Lloret, E., Reiter, L., Hack, N., Gramazio, F., Kohler, M., Bernhard, M., Dillenburger, B., Buchli, J., Roussel, N., Flatt, R.: Digital concrete: opportunities and challenges. RILEM Tech. Lett. 1, 67 (2016).  https://doi.org/10.21809/rilemtechlett.2016.16CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joshua Bard
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dana Cupkova
    • 1
  • Newell Washburn
    • 1
  • Garth Zeglin
    • 1
  1. 1.Carnegie Mellon UniversityPittsburghUSA

Personalised recommendations