Advertisement

On-Site Robotics for Sustainable Construction

  • Alexandre DuborEmail author
  • Jean-Baptiste Izard
  • Edouard Cabay
  • Aldo Sollazzo
  • Areti Markopoulou
  • Mariola Rodriguez
Conference paper

Abstract

Although additive and robotic manufacturing, is considered a technology with lots of potentials in the construction industry, its deployment has not yet reached wide applications for on site construction of sustainable architectural structures. This paper focuses on the deployment of a 3D printing technology that combines robotics with natural materials for the construction of environmentally performing small scale buildings. Cable robots are explored for 3D printing with adobe, while drones are explored for real-time monitoring technologies of the construction process. A full scale prototype of the technology has been deployed during 15 days at an international construction fair, demonstrating its potential by producing live a 20 m2 pavilion. The paper describes and discusses the experience, feasibility and limitations of the technology operating on site and in a direct collaboration with human operators and craftsmen. The prototype demonstration presented in the paper has led to the conclusion that there is a significant potential of using the technology for large scale sustainable architectural constructions on-site.

Keywords

Construction site automation Additive manufacturing Cable robot Earth architecture Monitoring by drone Sustainable construction 

Notes

Acknowledgments

“OnSite Robotics” is a collaborative project between Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia (IAAC) and TECNALIA. IAAC team (Concept, Coordination, Design, Extrusion, Material & Sensors): Areti Markopoulou, Aldo Sollazzo, Alexandre Dubor, Edouard Cabay, Raimund Krenmueller, Ji Won Jun, Tanuj Thomas, Kunal Chadha, Sofoklis Giannakopoulos. TECNALIA Robotic Team (Cable Robot): Mariola Rodríguez, Jean-Baptiste Izard, Pierre-Elie Herve, Valérie Auffray, David Culla, Jose Gorrotxategi. TECNALIA Construction Division team: Mikel Barrado, Idurre Fernandez, Juan José Gaitero, Elena Morales, Iñigo Calderón, Amaia Aramburu. NOUMENA Team (Drone development, Data collection): Starsky Lara, Chirag Rangholia, Daniele Ingrassia (Fab Lab Kamp Lintfort), Marco Sanalitro, Eugenio Bettucchi, Andrea Melis, Adrien Rigobello. Other partners: LIRMM (Robot research center), Luciano Carrizza (Technical adviser), Joaquim Melchor - Art Cont (Material expert), Lenze (Automation), Wam (Solid process), NanoSystem (Material nanotechnology), Nicolas Weyrich (Video animation).

References

  1. 1.
    Brell-Çokcan, S., Braumann, J. (eds.) ROB|ARCH 2012: Robotic Fabrication in Architecture, Art and Design. Springer, Vienna (2013)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kwon, H.: Experimentation and analysis of Contour Crafting (cc) process using uncured ceramic materials. Ph.D.thesis, University of Southern California (2002)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wu, P., Wang, J., Wang, X.: A critical review of the use of 3D printing in the construction industry. Autom. Constr. 68, 21–31 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    WASProject. http://www.wasproject.it/w/en/about-us/. Accessed 1 Mar 2018
  5. 5.
    Albus, J., Bostelman, R., Dagalakis, N.: The NIST robocrane. J. Robot. Syst. 10(5), 702–724 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Culla, D., Gorrotxategi, J., Rodríguez, M., Izard, J.B., Hervé, P.E.: Full production plant automation in industry using cable robotics with high load capacities and position accuracy. In: Ollero, A., Sanfeliu, A., Montano, L., Lau, N., Cardeira, C. (eds.) ROBOT 2017: Third Iberian Robotics Conference, vol. 2, pp. 3–14. Springer International Publishing (2018) Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Nan, R., Li, D., Jin, C., Wang, Q., Zhu, L., Zhu, W., Qian, L., et al.: The five-hundred-meter aperture spherical radio telescope (FAST) project. Int. J. Modern Phys. D 20(06), 989–1024 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Skycam. http://skycam.tv/. Accessed 2 May 2018
  9. 9.
    Tecnalia: Cable Driven Parallel Robotics for industrial applications (2015). https://youtube/px8vwNerkuo. Accessed 2 May 2018
  10. 10.
    Bosscher, P., Williams II, R.L., Bryson, L.S., Castro-Lacouture, D.: Cable-suspended robotic contour crafting system. Autom. Constr. 17(1), 45–55 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Izard, J.B., Gouttefarde, M., Baradat, C., Culla, D., Sallé, D.: Integration of a parallel cable-driven robot on an existing building façade. In: Bruckmann, T., Pott, A. (eds.) Cable-Driven Parallel Robots, pp. 149–164. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013) Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Tay, Y.W.D., Panda, B., Paul, S.C., Noor Mohamed, N.A., Tan, M.J., Leong, K.F.: 3D printing trends in building and construction industry: a review. Virtual Phys. Prototyp. J. 12(3), 261–276 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Izard, J.-B., Dubor, A., Hervé, P.-E., Cabay, E., Culla, D., Rodriguez, M., Barrado, M.: Large-scale 3D printing with cable-driven parallel robots. Constr. Robot. 1(1–4), 69–76 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Minke, G.: Building with Earth, Design and Technology of a Sustainable Architecture. Birkhäuser, Berlin (2006)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Fashami, N., Jokic, S., Lara, S.N.: FabClay. https://fabbots.wordpress.com/2012/12/09/fabclay-2/. Accessed 1 Mar 2018
  16. 16.
    Gianakopoulous, S.: Pylos. http://pylos.iaac.net/. Accessed 1 Mar 2018
  17. 17.
    Dubor, A., Cabay, E.: Energy efficient design for 3D printed earth architecture. In: De Rycke, K., Gengnagel, C., Baverel, O., Burry, J., Mueller, C., Nguyen, M.M., Rahm, P., Thomsen, M.R. (eds.) Humanizing Digital Reality, Design Modelling Symposium Paris 2017, pp. 383–394. Springer, Singapore (2017)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lagüela, S., González-Jorge, H., Armesto, J., Arias, P.: Calibration and verification of thermographic cameras for geometric measurements. Infrared Phys. Technol. 54(2), 92–99 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Olson, E.: Robust and efficient robotic mapping. Ph.D. thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2008)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexandre Dubor
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jean-Baptiste Izard
    • 2
  • Edouard Cabay
    • 1
  • Aldo Sollazzo
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Areti Markopoulou
    • 1
  • Mariola Rodriguez
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia (IAAC)BarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Tecnalia FranceMontpellierFrance
  3. 3.NoumenaBarcelonaSpain
  4. 4.TecnaliaDonostia - San SebastiánSpain

Personalised recommendations