Adaptive Robotic Carving

Training Methods for the Integration of Material Performances in Timber Manufacturing
Conference paper


The paper presents the developments of a series of methods to train a fabrication system for the integration of material performances in timber manufacturing processes, combining robotic fabrication together with different sensing strategies and machine learning techniques, and their further application within a prototypical design to manufacturing workflow. The training cycle, spanning from the recording of skilled human experts to autonomous robotic explorations, aims to encapsulate different layers of instrumental knowledge into a design interface, giving designers the opportunity to engage with material and tool affordances as process driver. The training methods are evaluated in a series of experiments and design iterations, proving their potential in the development of customized design to manufacturing workflows and integration of material performances, with a specific focus on timber.


Material behaviors Machine learning Instrumental knowledge Subtractive manufacturing 



The project is part of ongoing Ph.D. research conducted by Giulio Brugnaro, supervised by Prof. Bob Sheil and Dr. Sean Hanna, at the Bartlett School of Architecture, University College of London, within the framework of the “InnoChain Training Network,” supported by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement No. 642877.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Bartlett School of Architecture, UCLLondonUK

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