Initial Classification Algorithm for Pavement Distress Images Using Features Fusion
In this paper, a novel two-staged pavement image processing framework is presented. The pavement images are classified into four general categories in the first stage, so that the images can be processed using category-specific algorithms in the 2nd stage. The proposed algorithm first fuses a local contrast enhanced image with a global grayscale corrected image to obtain an enhanced distressed pavement image. The enhanced image is then decomposed with a three-layer wavelet transform to obtain three texture features of the entire image including High-Amplitude Wavelet Coefficient Percentage (HAWCP), the High-Frequency Energy Percentage (HFEP), and the Standard Deviation (STD). In the meantime, an improved P-tile method is used to obtain the binary image. From the binary image, three additional shape features are extracted including the Average Area of all Connected Components (AA), the Area of the Maximum Connected Component (AM), and the Equivalent Length of the longest Connected Component (EL). Finally, a BP neural network is used to fuse both the texture and shape features sequentially to achieve the initial classification. Experimental results show that for the four types of pavement images, the proposed algorithm achieves an effective classification of the pavement distress image with the accuracy rates of 96.5%, 91.4%, 95.2% and 98.1% respectively, which are higher than those of the classification algorithm with a single-type feature.
The authors appreciate the pavement images provided by UCPRC. The authors would also acknowledge financial support from China government under the NFSC and SNFSC programs (Grant no. 51278058, 2013JC9397).
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